制造商Fried Denim Inc.认为,仅提交版权申请,费用和保证金并不能满足在提起诉讼之前对版权进行注册的管辖权要求。做 牛仔布诉油炸牛仔布, No. 08Civ.10947, 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 51512, at *7 (S.D.N.Y. June 17, 2009). This decision highlights the importance of copyright 注册, as a jurisdictional prerequisite for plaintiffs hoping to protect their designs.

2005年,原告Do Denim为牛仔裤设计了两个后袋设计— the "Wings Design" 和 the "Dragon Design."据称,被告Fried Denim在生产和销售自己的牛仔裤时复制了这些独特的设计。除其他外,原告声称被告’的复制和使用"Wings" 和 "Dragon"设计构成侵犯版权。

版权法规定"在美国的任何作品中,不得提起侵犯版权的民事诉讼 until pre-registration or 注册 of the copyright claim has 被制造 按照这个标题。" U.S.C. 17§ 411(a) (添加了重点)。尽管原告已在其两种外观设计中交付了版权注册所需的保证金,申请和费用,但版权局尚未做出回应。被告Fried Denim辩称,由于缺乏回应,注册没有"been made"因此,法院缺乏标的物管辖权。原告答复说,其交付和提交的申请,费用和保证金实际上足以构成"registration" being "made,"从而赋予法院必要的主题管辖权。

This issue has been a divisive 上 e in recent years. As Judge Laura Taylor Swain notes in her opinion that although the Second Circuit has yet to address the question of when a 注册 has "been made"出于版权诉讼的目的,它是当前电路在第十电路和第八电路之间分配的主题。第十巡回赛在 宾夕法尼亚州La Resolana Architects诉黏土经纪人Angel Fire,416 F.3d 1195(2005年10月Cir)"only upon 注册 or refusal to register is a copyright holder entitled to sue for copyright infringement. The Eighth Circuit held in Action Tapes,Inc.诉Mattson, 462 F.3d 1010,1013 (8th Cir. 2006) that the copyright owner may sue for infringement 上 ce the owner has delivered the deposits, application, 和 fee required for 注册. Judge Swain ultimately sided with the Tenth Circuit in her opinion, thereby dismissing 做牛仔’s copyright claims.

有趣的是,尽管第二巡回赛以前没有检查过该区域,但纽约南区已经进行过检查。在 城市商品诉国王海外,第99 CV 10456号,2001年美国地区。 LEXIS 3176,在* 4(S.D.N.Y. 2001年3月22日)上,理查德·康威·凯西法官说"it is well settled that the court lacks subject matter jurisdiction unless the claimant has a 注册 or its 注册 has been refused."这次诉讼加上Swain法官’s recent opinion in 做牛仔, clearly demonstrates where the Southern District of New York stands 上 the 注册 issue.

These decisions emphasize the importance of securing copyright 注册 before attempting to protect a copyright, especially in the Southern District of New York. Additionally, potential defendants in copyright matters should be mindful at the outset to ask the potential plaintiff for a valid copyright 注册. As 做牛仔诉Fried Denim 事实证明,这一简单步骤可能会阻止过早的版权诉讼陷入僵局。

作者:
凯瑟琳·海恩斯(Kathryn Hines)
(212)332-5026
[email protected]

西奥多·C·马克斯
(212)332-3602
[email protected]