爱丽丝 Corporation Pty.Ltd。诉CLS Bank 在ternational等人,案号13-298(2014年6月19日判决)  (“Alice Corp.”),最高法院一致认为,根据35 U.S.C.,该主题专利权利要求不符合专利条件。 §101.有争议的专利针对缓解问题的程序“settlement risk,” i.e., for financial exchange transactions, in which a computer system is used as an intermediary between the parties to the transaction.  The patent claims include a method for exchanging financial obligations, a computer system configured to carry out the method, and a computer-program-product claim covering the same process.  The Court held that “the claims at issue are drawn to the abstract idea of intermediated settlement, and that merely requiring generic computer implementation fails to transform that abstract idea into a patent-eligible invention.”  爱丽丝公司, slip op. at 1.

根据这一决定,美国专利商标局发布了《初步审查指令》,以指导审查团在35 U.S.C.规定下权衡涉及抽象概念,尤其是计算机实现的抽象概念的权利要求的主题资格。 §101.可以找到初步考试说明的副本 这里。该办公室将 接受公众意见 关于爱丽丝和这些准则的有效期至2014年7月31日。由于这些准则是初步的,我们希望Office在收到公众反馈后将继续考虑该主题并发布进一步的准则。