中国政府’强调促进创新可能会取得成果。根据国家知识产权局的最新统计(“SIPO”)(负责起诉专利的政府机构),2009年上半年在中国提交了42.6万份专利申请,授权了252,000项专利。与2008年上半年相比,专利申请增长了31.3%,专利授权增长了23.1% 。

中国’s patent system allows for three types of patents: invention patents, utility model patents, 和 design patents. 中国 invention patents are similar to utility patents in the United States. The patent term for invention patents is 20 years from the filing date. 专利权 for invention are substantively examined. It typically takes two to five years for an invention patent to issue.

中国实用新型专利只能针对三维产品获得。美国没有类似的专利类别。实用新型专利的专利期限为自申请之日起10年。实用新型专利的发布通常比发明专利快得多,因为实用新型专利申请仅接受初步审查,而不接受实质审查。实用新型专利通常在大约12到18个月内颁发。

中国 design patents are similar to U.S. design patents. The patent term for design patents is 10 years from the filing date. Similar to utility model patent applications, design patent applications do not receive a substantive examination. A design patent typically issues in about 12 to 18 months from filing.

在提交的426,000件专利申请中,有148,000件为发明专利申请(34.8%),142,000件为实用新型专利申请(33.4%)和136,000件为外观设计专利申请(31.8%)。中国企业首次提出的发明专利申请占提交的发明专利申请总数的70%以上。同样,中国企业授予的发明专利数量也首次超过外国企业。

在42.6万件专利申请中,中国企业提交了37.5万件申请,占申请总数的88%。在37.5万件申请中,职务发明占54.7%,非职务发明占45.3%。一种“service invention”是公司员工在执行任务时发明的。一种“非职务发明” is made by an individual inventor. For 服务发明s, the right to apply for a patent belongs to the entity, 和, after grant, the entity will be the patent holder. For a 非职务发明, the right to apply for a patent belongs to the inventor, 和, after grant, the individual will be the patent holder.

中国企业专利申请量急剧增加的主要原因是省政府建立了奖励制度。例如,对于位于北京的企业和个人,北京市政府将向发明专利申请的申请人提供以下补贴:(一)最高950元人民币的申请费; (二)考试费1200元以下; (3)实际产生的其他备案费的50%。发明专利申请的正式申请费为950元人民币,审查费为2500元人民币。这意味着北京市政府将对发明专利申请的官方备案费补贴超过50%。在北京,实用新型专利和外观设计专利的奖励少得多,最高奖励为150元人民币。中国各省采用与北京类似的奖励制度。

In addition to encouraging the filing of patent applications, 国家知识产权局 has been focused 上 creating practical measures to facilitate patent examination. Since 2002, 国家知识产权局 has increased the number of patent examiners 和 strengthened the professional training of examiners.

与中国企业不同,外国(非中国企业)的专利申请与2008年上半年相比下降了7.3%。按国家细分,韩国企业的专利申请量下降了29.6%,韩国的专利申请量下降了8.4%。美国公司的申请量下降了,日本公司的申请量下降了4.7%。一些专家认为,下降的原因是金融危机。跨国企业的削减可能包括减少在中国提交的专利申请。但是,在混合动力汽车和医疗设备领域,外​​国企业提交的专利申请实际上有所增加。

As of June 30, 2009, 国家知识产权局 has received a total of 5.276 million patent applications 和 granted 2.753 million patents.

本文最初发布于谢泼德·穆林(Sheppard Mullin)’s 中国 法 博客, which can be found at www.chinalawupdate.cn

作者:

平楚
86.21.2321.6000
[email protected]

余丽娟
86.21.2321.6052
[email protected]